A mortgage is an agreement to give up an interest in something if you fail to perform some duty. In many cases, it means that you'll give up your home if you fail to repay your home loan as agreed. You can use mortgage as a verb, meaning "to pledge". A mortgage is a loan from bank or other financial institution that is ensuring security by a house or other real estate property. That means if any one fails to fully repay the loan, the lender can take the property and sell it in order to pay off the loan.
A mortgage allows you to make payments in installments over a set period of time, such as 5, 10, 15, 20, or 25 years, this is known as the repayment term. There are several different types of mortgages. For instance, a fixed-rate mortgage comes with an interest rate that does not change during the life of the loan, while an adjustable or variable rate mortgages interest rate will fluctuate.